نتائج طلاب العراق 2013

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 immediate annuity variable annuity product annuity insurance annuities 2013

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تاريخ التسجيل : 27/01/2013

مُساهمةموضوع: immediate annuity variable annuity product annuity insurance annuities 2013   السبت فبراير 09, 2013 1:10 am

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Life annuity



A life annuity is a financial contract in the form of an insurance product according to which a seller (issuer) — typically a financial institution such as a life insurance company — makes a series of future payments to a buyer (annuitant) in exchange for the immediate payment of a lump sum (single-payment annuity) or a series of regular payments (regular-payment annuity), prior to the onset of the annuity.

The payment stream from the issuer to the annuitant has an unknown duration based principally upon the date of death of the annuitant. At this point the contract will terminate and the remainder of the fund accumulated is forfeited unless there are other annuitants or beneficiaries in the contract. Thus a life annuity is a form of longevity insurance, where the uncertainty of an individual's lifespan is transferred from the individual to the insurer, which reduces its own uncertainty by pooling many clients. Annuities can be purchased to provide an income during retirement, or originate from a structured settlement of a personal injury lawsuit.


Phases of an annuity

There are two possible phases for an annuity:

The accumulation phase in which the customer deposits and accumulates money into an account, and ;
The distribution phase in which the insurance company makes income payments until the death of the annuitants named in the contract.

It is possible to structure an annuity contract so that it has only the distribution phase; such a contract is called an immediate annuity.

Annuity contracts with a deferral phase—deferred annuities—are essentially two-phase annuities, but only having growth of capital by investment in the accumulation phase (now the deferral phase), with no customer deposits.

The phases of an annuity can be combined in the fusion of a retirement savings and retirement payment plan: the annuitant makes regular contributions to the annuity until a certain date and then receives regular payments from it until death. Sometimes there is a life insurance component added so that if the annuitant dies before annuity payments begin, a beneficiary gets either a lump sum or annuity payments.

Decision to defer or not

The option to defer purchase of an annuity (choosing income drawdown instead) has the benefit of investment flexibility, offset by the lower annuity which one will be able to purchase later after having drawn down the capital (mortality drag). Interest rates and inflation can affect the decision to purchase, as they are reflected in the annuity rates, and also affect secure investment potential by varying bond yields. Inflation deteriorates the buying power of an annuity and can therefore be a concern, however inflation-indexed plans have been marketed.[7]
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